Otto und Maschka Mueller im Atelier (recto); untitled nude in landscape (verso) (Primary Title)
Otto and Maschka Mueller in the Studio (Translation)

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, German, 1880 - 1938 (Artist)

oil on canvas
Unframed: 28 1/2 × 24 in. (72.39 × 60.96 cm)
Framed: 33 1/2 × 28 3/4 in. (85.09 × 73.03 cm)
The Ludwig and Rosy Fischer Collection, Gift of the Estate of Anne R. Fischer
"Ernst Ludwig Kirchner", Neue Galerie, NY, October 3, 2019 - January 13, 2020

German Expressionism and France: From Van Gogh and Gauguin to the Blaue Reiter, Los Angeles County Museumof Art, June 8-September 14, 2014; Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, October 6, 2014-January 25, 2015 (not requested for first venue, Kunthaus Zurich, February 7 – May 11, 2014).

The Birth of Expressionism: Brücke in Dresden and Berlin 1905-1913" Neue Galerie, NY, February 26-June 29, 2009.

“Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, 1880-1938,” National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, March 2-June 1, 2003 (did not go to first venue, Royal Academy of Arts, London, June 20-Sept. 21, 2003).

“Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Paintings and Graphics,” National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, May 3-Aug. 16, 1992.

“Expressionismus und Exil: Die Sammlung Ludwig und Rosy Fischer, Frankfurt am Main,” Jewish Museum,
Frankfurt, Aug. 29-Oct. 28, 1990, Cat. 2, (LS 155).

“German Expressionist Art: Selections from the Ludwig and Rosy Fischer Collection,” VMFA, Jan. 12-March 8, 1987,
cat. 113.

The North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, January – February, 1958, no. 14 (ill.)

“German Expressionism”, Norfolk Museum of Arts and Sciences, Norfolk, Virginia, November 6 – December 11, 1960, no. 24 (ill.).

Galerie Ludwig Schames, Frankfurt, February – March, 1919, cat. 43.
By 1919 (Galerie Ludwig Schames), Frankfurt. [1] Ludwig Fischer [1860-1922] and Rosy Fischer [1869-1926], Frankfurt am Main, Germany; [2] Ernst Fischer [1896-1981] and Anne Fischer [1902-2008], Frankfurt am Main, Germany, by inheritance; [3] May 2009, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (VMFA), Richmond, by bequest of Anne R. Fischer, 2009. [4]

[1] In Cordula Frowein’s “Liste der Werke aus der Sammlung Fischer” found in Heuberger, Georg, Ed. Expressionismus und Exil: Die Sammlung Ludwig and Rosy Fischer, Frankfurt am Main. München: Prestel, 1990, p. 161, the painting is cited as Number 43 in Ludwig Schames 1919 catalogue. It is thought that the Fischers acquired the work directly from Ludwig Schames. See Ausstellung von Germälden von E.L. Kirchner. Frankfurt: Ludwig Schames, 1919, cat. 43. In catalogue, the title of cat. 43 is Müllers im Atelier (Muellers in Studio). A painting with same title, Müllers im Atelier, is included in a 1925 handwritten list by Rosy Fischer: See Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Archiv Grohmann:

[2] Ludwig and Rosy Fischer were art collectors in Frankfurt, Germany, who primarily collected contemporary German art between 1905 and 1925. Ludwig Fischer died on April 25, 1922. In November of 1923, Rosy Fischer founded an art gallery in her home, primarily showing works on paper by second generation German Expressionist artists. The gallery was closed early in the year of 1925.

Rosy died on February 27, 1926, while traveling in North Africa. (See Brandt, Fredrick R. German Expressionist Art: Ludwig and Rosy Fischer Collection, Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1987, pp. 1 - 11).

[3] In 1926, the Fischer collection was divided and inherited by Ludwig and Rosy Fischer's sons, Max Fischer (1893-1954) and Ernst Fischer (1896 – 1981). In 1934, Ernst and Anne Fischer fled Germany to the United States with their part of the collection, first to Rochester, New York and then settled in Richmond, Virginia. (See Brandt, 1987, pp. 1 -11.)

[4] Information in VMFA Curatorial and Registration files.

Image released via Creative Commons CC-BY-NC

Some object records are not complete and do not reflect VMFA's full and current knowledge. VMFA makes routine updates as records are reviewed and enhanced.