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Many of Michele Oka Doner’s works—from site-specific installations to more intimate, functional objects such as Io—reference the natural world. The title, Io, refers to Jupiter’s innermost moon, which has a perfectly circular orbit. Doner saw the pictures, take by one of the Voyager spacecrafts, of Io’s seven active volcanoes. The bench’s texture alludes to what those photographs captured, while its circular shape comes from Io’s orbit and from the artist’s idea that a bench should be “a gathering point—a focus
Sydney and Frances Lewis Endowment Fund
Art et Industrie, New York; Purchased by Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (VMFA), Richmond, Virginia in 1991. 
 Accessioned January 23, 1991. See VMFA Curatorial file.