Red-figure Ram's Head Rhyton (Drinking Cup) (Primary Title)

attributed to, Triptolemos Painter (Artist)
attributed to, Charinos, Greek (Potter)

ca. 480 BC, 5 th century BC
Greek (Attic)
Overall: 8 7/8 × 5 1/2 × 10 1/2 in. (22.54 × 13.97 × 26.67 cm)
The master potter Charinos specialized in animal- and human-headed vases. The form of this vessel, a rhyton, derives from Near Eastern drinking cups made out of animal horns. Around the bowl are reclining participants in a symposium, one of whom is labeled Kekrops, legendary king of Athens, and the other Theseus, the Athenian hero who slew the Minotaur. The names of the other three banqueters cannot be read, but the one playing the lyre may be a bard.
Adolph D. and Wilkins C. Williams Fund
Persia and the Classical World, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA, April 6 - August 8, 2022

"Animal-Shaped vessels from the Ancient World: Feasting with Gods, Heroes, and Kings", Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, MA September 7, 2018 - January 6, 2019

“Ancient Art of the Mediterranean,” interactive media program, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, (Minneapolis, MN): 1996.

“Cleopatra: A Multimedia Guide to the Ancient World,” interactive multimedia program, The Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, IL): 1996.

Art, Myth, and Culture - Greek Vases from Southern Collections, New Orleans Museum of Art, November 21, 1981 - February 14, 1982

Five Years of Collecting, VMFA, March 25 - May 4, 1980
Ebbinghaus, Susanne, ed. Animal-shaped Vessels from the Ancient World: Feasting with Gods, Heroes, and Kings. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Art Museums, 2018. (fig 5.4, pp. 196-97, exhibit no 25, p. 357)

Dmitriev, Sviatoslav. The Birth of the Athenian Community: From Solon to Cleisthenes. London: Routledge, 2018. figs 13a and 13b, p. 229, b&w illus

Cazzato, Vanessa, ed. Et. al. The Cup of Song: Studies on Poetry and the Symposion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. plate 19, color illus. detail.

Topper, Kathryn. “Primitive Life and the Construction of the Sympotic Past in Athenian Vase Painting.” American Journal of Archaeology 113 (2009): p. 16, fig. 9.

Ebbinghaus, Susanne. “Of Rams, Women, and Orientals: A Brief History of Attic Plastic Vases,” in Papers on Special Techniques in Athenian Vases, edited by K. Lapatin. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008, pp. 145-60, fig. 2.

Barriault, Anne B., and Kay M. Davidson. Selections from the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 2007. (pp. 102-103, ill. p. 103)

Bundrick, Sheramy D. Music and Image in Classical Athens. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp. 80-81, fig. 49 [detail].

Osborne, Catherine. Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 95, fig. 22.

Neer, Richard. The Style and Politics in Athenian Vase-Painting: The Craft of Democracy, ca. 530-460 BCE. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002, pp. 161-162, 164, b&w figs. 74 and 75.

Cohen, Beth. “Ethnic Identity in Democratic Athens and the Visual Vocabulary of Male Costume.” In Ancient Perceptions of Greek Ethnicity, edited by Irad Malkin. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies Trustees for Harvard University, 2001, pp. 241-42, fig. 9.3.

Teeter, Emily, Karen Alexander and Mary Greuel. Art of the Ancient Mediterranean World: Egypt, Greece, Italy, edited by Jane H. Clarke and Maria Cicero. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 2001, p. 60, fig. 14.

Barriault, Anne. Selections from the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1997, ill. p. 5 (color).

Mattusch, Carol C. Classical Bronzes: The Art and Craft of Greek and Roman Statuary, first edition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996, pp. 53-54, fig. 2.9.

Miller, Margaret C. “Adoption and Adaptation of Archaemenid Metalware Forms in Attic Black-Gloss Ware of the Fifth Century.” Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran 26 (1993): p. 123, taf. 25.1. (published Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag)

Cohen, Beth. “The Literate Potter: A Tradition of Incised Signatures in Attic Vases.” The Metropolitan Museum Journal 26 (1991) p. 80, fig. 58.

Hoffmann, Herbert .“Rhyta and Kantharoi in Greek Ritual.” Greek Vases in the J.Paul Getty Museum, vol. 4 (Occasional Papers on Antiquities, 5), Malibu, CA: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1989, pp. 148-50, figs. 17a-b.

Schefold, Karl and Franz Jung. Die Urkoenige, Perseus, Bellerophon, Herakles und Theseus in der klassischen und hellenistischen Kunst. Munich: 1988, 67, fig. 66 and 68, fig. 67.

Mayo, Margaret Ellen. “Tradition and Imagination: Five Centuries of Greek Ceramic Art.” Apollo 122, no. 286 (December 1985): p. 27, fig. 6.

Gallery Guide. Richmond: The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1982, p. 12 (illus.).

Schefold, Karl. “Pandions Sorge.” Boreas: Münstersche Beiträge zur Archäologie 5 (1982): pp. 67-69, pl. 4, fig. 1 and 3.

Guy, Robert. “Architectural Terra Cottas from Phrygia.” Arts in Virginia 21, no. 2 (Winter 1981): pp. 2-15, figs. 2-6.

Neils, Jenifer. Art, Myth and Culture: Greek Vases from Southern Collections, exhibition catalogue, edited by H.A. Shapiro. New Orleans: New Orleans Museum of Art, Tulane University, 1981, cat. no. 32, pp. 84-87 (illus.), cover (illus.).

Merritt, Robert. “Five Years of Museum Collecting.” Richmond Times Dispatch (Richmond, VA), 23 March 1980, ill.

Neils, Jenifer. “The Youthful Deeds of Theseus: Iconography and Iconology.” PhD dissertation, Princeton University, 1980, no. 37, pp. 221, 224-5, ill. 151.

Green, Barbara. “Museum Acquires Rare Greek Cup.” Richmond News Leader (Richmond, VA), 31 October 1979.
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Some object records are not complete and do not reflect VMFA's full and current knowledge. VMFA makes routine updates as records are reviewed and enhanced.